Ebola virus has been found in African monkeys, chimps and other nonhuman primates. A milder strain of Ebola has been discovered in monkeys and pigs in the Philippines. Marburg virus has been found in monkeys, chimps and fruit bats in Africa. Experts suspect that both viruses are transmitted to humans through an infected animal’s bodily fluids.
Blood. Butchering or eating infected animals can spread the viruses. Scientists who have operated on infected animals as part of their research have also contracted the virus.
Waste products. Tourists in certain African caves and some underground mine workers have been infected with the Marburg virus, possibly through contact with the feces or urine of infected bats.
Transmission from person to person
Infected people typically don’t become contagious until they develop symptoms. Family members are often infected as they care for sick relatives or prepare the dead for burial.
Medical personnel can be infected if they don’t use protective gear, such as surgical masks and gloves. Medical centers in Africa are often so poor that they must reuse needles and syringes. Some of the worst Ebola epidemics have occurred because contaminated injection equipment wasn’t sterilized between uses.
The Ebola outbreak that’s killed more than 670 people in West Africa has hit too close to home for some Americans.
Decontee Sawyer lives in Minnesota, which is home to Liberia’s largest diaspora community. Her husband, a Liberian government official, recently contracted the virus in Liberia and became the first American to die from Ebola in this outbreak.
“It’s a big blow — everyone knew Patrick, here in Minnesota in the Liberian community, so everyone feels like they’ve lost their best friend, their brother. Everyone’s crying, everyone’s shocked,” she told Here & Now’s Robin Young.
But if he had not died, Patrick Sawyer could have brought Ebola home with him, as he was planning to come to Minnesota for his daughters’ birthday party on August 16.
Sawyer said she thinks that airlines and border control should keep screening potentially exposed travelers for symptoms, but should also continue to allow travel between West Africa and the United States. Otherwise, she’s worried that more Americans will contract the disease abroad.
“I already have Ebola affecting one country of mine,” she said. “I don’t need it affecting another country of mine.”
- More information about Ebola via the CDC
- Decontee Sawyer asks that people donate to Samaritan’s Purse
Interview Highlights: Decontee Sawyer
On why her husband was in Liberia
“Patrick was in Liberia because he felt like Liberia needed him. He was into social justice — Patrick was a community servant. We both lived here in Minnesota and he served the Liberian community here in Minnesota on a volunteer basis — that’s how we met, in fact, volunteering for a cause in our community. And he wanted to go back to Liberia, by all means, to help Liberia to have a better democracy because he had experienced it in the U.S. He wanted that for Liberia, he wanted social justice. He was into mental health. He felt very passionately about those things and he wanted to be in Liberia to make a difference.”
On her husband’s planned return to Minnesota
“Because of Patrick’s passion and everything for Liberia, I was left here with three little girls to raise by myself. I wanted Patrick back home — I told him, I didn’t sign up to be a single mom. You need to come back and fight the good fight back home. That put a strain on our marriage, but we deeply loved each other and loved our children. I scheduled the girls’ birthday for August 16th and told him the date. He was coming, he was coming, by all means — nothing could have stopped Patrick from coming, except Ebola.”
On whether the U.S. should allow entry from affected regions
“I’m so confused — because there are people who went there, who have families here, who went there just to visit. They’re dying to come back home to their babies. We don’t want them to bring Ebola back, I don’t want that. But at the same time, if they’re not displaying symptoms and they’re being screened, I think they should be allowed to come back. We keep them there, their risks are higher of getting Ebola.”
Poem: ‘Don’t Stand Back’
Decontee Sawyer shared this poem on the air, saying that she’d written it “a long time ago,” but that “everything about it applies to right now.”
Be my brother in my struggle
Don’t stand back and watch
While others lack the resources to resist the attack
Because what affects me, affects you
Together we are bonded by this earth
So be my sister in my struggle
Because what affects me does affect you
Directly or indirectly
Don’t stand back
Decontee Sawyer, Liberian-American activist and widow of the first American to die in this Ebola outbreak. She is founder of Today’s Women Alliance.
article and photo source source: http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2014/07/31/american-ebola-victim-widow